No Adam, No Sin, No Guilt, No Redemption, No Christ

Here are some quotes from J.P. Versteeg’s book Adam in the New Testament. If you would like to read my review of the book, click on the Goodreads link on the right. 

In this first quote the author is addressing the argument that Paul thought Adam was historical, but now we know he was not.  He shows that despite claims to the contrary this idea unravels Christ’s work as a historical event. 

“Therefore, if in the case of Adam the intention of Paul in his own time is divorced from its significance for us today, that must also have consequences with respect to Christ. For the redemptive-historical correlation between Adam and Christ entails that if what Paul says about Adam no longer holds for us [i.e. that Adam was a historical figure standing at the beginning of the human race], it is impossible to see why what he says about Christ in the same context must still hold for us. What is the sense of an antitype, if there is no type? What is the sense of fulfillment, if there is nothing to fulfill? The redemptive-historical correlation that Paul sees between Adam and Christ means that no longer honoring Paul’s intention when he speaks about Adam must entail no longer honoring Paul’s intention when he speaks about Christ…To no longer honor Paul’s intention when he speaks about Adam entails that the framework in which Paul places Christ and his work, collapses. 

And again, here he is quoting another author:

And suppose that Paul… did indeed believe in the historicity of the first Adam but that is this is no longer relevant for us…, because we are only interested in the function of Adam as a ‘teaching model’ why should we…not take the same view regarding the last Adam?

Versteeg brings up an interesting point regarding the guilt of man if we deny a historical Adam. Christians have held that sin entered the world because our representative head, Adam, chose to eat of the fruit in the garden. In Adam, we all sinned. There has been debate about how this works itself out, but the basic structure is essential to Christian orthodoxy. What happens when there is no historical Adam (and Eve) to sin? Here is what Versteeg says:

If Adam only lets us see what is characteristic of everyone because Adam is man in general so that the sin of Adam is also the sin of man in general, and if on the the other hand Adam may no longer be regarded as the one man through whom sin has come into the world, it is apparent that in a certain sense sin belongs to man as such. Sin thus has become a given “next to” creation…In Romans 5 Paul intends to say how how sin has invaded the good creation of God. The concept “teaching model” cannot do justice to [Romans 5]. If Adam were only a teaching model, he would only be an illustration of man in whom sin is inherent. The concept “teaching model” eliminates the “one after the other” of creation and fall, and leaves only room for the “next to each other” of creation and sin. In essence, then, one may no longer speak of the guilt of sin…Where evil thus becomes a “practically unavoidable” matter, sin loses its character of guilt. (All emphasis and punctuation is Versteeg’s).

I had not thought of the historicity of Adam from this angle before. Normally I think of Adam in reference to Christ and salvation, not man and sin. But of course, these cannot be separated. If we mess with Adam, we mess with Christ, sin, redemption, man, and as Richard Gaffin argues in his foreword, the resurrection, in the process. Where does sin and guilt come from if there was no Adam? Has it always been? Is sin inherent in man? Did God create man sinful? How can man be guilty if sin has always been? If sin has not always been, when did it enter? Who/what brought it in? 

I am convinced that a denial of a historical Adam leads naturally and logically to heresy.    As Versteeg says, 

To be occupied with the question of how Scripture speaks about Adam is thus anything but an insignificant problem of detail. As the first historical man and head of humanity, Adam is not mentioned merely in passing in the New Testament. The redemptive historical correlation between Adam and Christ determines the framework in which-particularly for Paul- the redemptive work of Christ has its place. That work of redemption can no longer be confessed according to the meaning of Scripture, if it is divorced form the framework in which it stands there.

Not all men who deny the historical Adam become heretics, but given their framework they should. Like human sexuality, the historicity of Adam is a truth worth fighting for.  To capitulate here is to begin unraveling the basics of Christian orthodoxy and most importantly to strip away the glory of Christ’s work in redeeming fallen man. 

No Quarter Given

Recently I went through Genesis 3-50, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy and looked at all the uses of the Hebrew word “yom,” which means “day.” You can see those passages in the above links. My goal was to evaluate the flexibility of the word. Can the word “yom”  mean a long period of time? The motive for my research was the oft-cited idea that “yom” can mean long periods of time, therefore in Genesis 1 “day” can mean billions of years.  I have heard this cited by many good Christians whom I respect. However, I questioned whether the data backed up their claims. So I decided to look into myself. Here are some basic findings from the study.

First, “day” is used several hundred times in the Pentateuch. In the ESV the word “day” is used 345 times in the Pentateuch. This does not include the places where “yom” is translated “today,” which would push the count over 400. We are not dealing with a small sample size.

Second, there are no examples in the Pentateuch where day with the numeral (first, second, etc.) means anything other than a literal, 24 hour day or a part of a literal, 24 hour day. There are no exceptions to this that I could find.

Third, day almost always means a specific 24 hour day in the past, present, or future. It can refer to the day God made a covenant with Abraham (Genesis 15:18), when a father tells his son about the Exodus out of Egypt (Exodus 13:8), when Israel gathered to have the law given (Deuteronomy 18:16) or when the Lord struck down the first born in Egypt (Numbers 3:13).

Fourth, there are occasions where “day” could mean a time longer than 24 hours. However, these are limited to only a handful, by my count less than ten.  In these few situations, day usually means a period of judgment most notably in Deuteronomy 31:17-18 and 32:35. It is possible to interpret these as future 24 hour days. But even if one sees “day” as not a literal 24 hours, it does not mean hundreds or even thousands of years.

In the five books of Moses “day” usually means a literal, 24 hour day. There is nothing in these books to give us any reason to change the normal meaning of “day” in Genesis 1-2. I will admit this study is narrow in its focus. But the most common reasons cited for putting billions of years into Genesis 1 is that “day” is flexible. A close study of the word in the first five books of the Bible however gives no quarter to this idea.

In the future I am going to look at the following:

Other places in the Old Testament where creation is mentioned to see if those places indicate that God took a long period of time to create the world.

Other uses of the word “day” in the Old Testament to see how frequent a non-24 hour usage of “day” actually is.

Is the idea of non-human death before Adam’s sin plausible based on the Biblical data?

Day in Deuteronomy

This is the continuation of a study on the word “day” in the Pentateuch. For introductory remarks please refer to the initial post on Genesis.

I have divided these up into four (there is an extra one for Deuteronomy) categories: All the uses of day with a number, all the uses of “this day,” all the uses of day which in context mean a typical day, and any uses of day which could mean a long period of time.  

One additional note on Deuteronomy. The ESV translates the word “yom” as “today” 58 times in Deuteronomy. So you can add to this list 58 other places in Deuteronomy where the word “yom” means a typical, 24 hour day.  Where the ESV has “today” the KJV often has “this day” or “that day” or just “day.”
Uses of Day with the Number (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)
(Deu 1:3)  In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses spoke to the people of Israel according to all that the LORD had given him in commandment to them,
(Deu 5:14)  but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant, or your ox or your donkey or any of your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.
(Deu 16:3)  You shall eat no leavened bread with it. Seven days you shall eat it with unleavened bread, the bread of affliction—for you came out of the land of Egypt in haste—that all the days of your life you may remember the day when you came out of the land of Egypt.
(Deu 16:4)  No leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory for seven days, nor shall any of the flesh that you sacrifice on the evening of the first day remain all night until morning.
(Deu 16:8)  For six days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD your God. You shall do no work on it.
Use of “This Day” in Deuteronomy
I have decided to create a category I did not have for the other books of Moses. The frequent use of this phrase stuck out to me as I studied.  “This day” in Deuteronomy can refer to different days, but it always refers to a specific point in time, not to a long period of time.
(Deu 2:22)  as he did for the people of Esau, who live in Seir, when he destroyed the Horites before them and they dispossessed them and settled in their place even to this day.
(Deu 2:25)  This day I will begin to put the dread and fear of you on the peoples who are under the whole heaven, who shall hear the report of you and shall tremble and be in anguish because of you.’
(Deu 2:30)  But Sihon the king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him, for the LORD your God hardened his spirit and made his heart obstinate, that he might give him into your hand, as he is this day.
(Deu 3:14)  Jair the Manassite took all the region of Argob, that is, Bashan, as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and called the villages after his own name, Havvoth-jair, as it is to this day.)
(Deu 4:20)  But the LORD has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be a people of his own inheritance, as you are this day.
(Deu 4:38)  driving out before you nations greater and mightier than you, to bring you in, to give you their land for an inheritance, as it is this day,
(Deu 5:24)  And you said, ‘Behold, the LORD our God has shown us his glory and greatness, and we have heard his voice out of the midst of the fire. This day we have seen God speak with man, and man still live.
(Deu 6:24)  And the LORD commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that he might preserve us alive, as we are this day.
(Deu 8:18)  You shall remember the LORD your God, for it is he who gives you power to get wealth, that he may confirm his covenant that he swore to your fathers, as it is this day.

(Deu 10:8)  At that time the LORD set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the LORD to stand before the LORD to minister to him and to bless in his name, to this day.
(Deu 10:15)  Yet the LORD set his heart in love on your fathers and chose their offspring after them, you above all peoples, as you are this day.
(Deu 11:4)  and what he did to the army of Egypt, to their horses and to their chariots, how he made the water of the Red Sea flow over them as they pursued after you, and how the LORD has destroyed them to this day,
(Deu 26:16)  “This day the LORD your God commands you to do these statutes and rules. You shall therefore be careful to do them with all your heart and with all your soul.
(Deu 29:4)  But to this day the LORD has not given you a heart to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear.
(Deu 29:28)  and the LORD uprooted them from their land in anger and fury and great wrath, and cast them into another land, as they are this day.
(Deu 34:6)  and he buried him in the valley in the land of Moab opposite Beth-peor; but no one knows the place of his burial to this day.
Uses of Day Which Are in Context, Typical 24 Hour Days
Just a reminder that Sabbath Day is defined in Exodus as the Saturday at the end of a seven 24 hour day week. There is no reason to interpret it any differently in Deuteronomy. 

(Deu 1:33)  who went before you in the way to seek you out a place to pitch your tents, in fire by night and in the cloud by day, to show you by what way you should go.
(Deu 4:10)  how on the day that you stood before the LORD your God at Horeb, the LORD said to me, ‘Gather the people to me, that I may let them hear my words, so that they may learn to fear me all the days that they live on the earth, and that they may teach their children so.’
(Deu 4:15)  “Therefore watch yourselves very carefully. Since you saw no form on the day that the LORD spoke to you at Horeb out of the midst of the fire,
(Deu 5:12)  “‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you.
(Deu 5:15)  You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the LORD your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.
(Deu 9:7)  Remember and do not forget how you provoked the LORD your God to wrath in the wilderness. From the day you came out of the land of Egypt until you came to this place, you have been rebellious against the LORD.
(Deu 9:10)  And the LORD gave me the two tablets of stone written with the finger of God, and on them were all the words that the LORD had spoken with you on the mountain out of the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly.
(Deu 9:24)  You have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you. [The “I” here is Moses, not God.]
(Deu 10:4)  And he wrote on the tablets, in the same writing as before, the Ten Commandments that the LORD had spoken to you on the mountain out of the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly. And the LORD gave them to me.
(Deu 18:16)  just as you desired of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly, when you said, ‘Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God or see this great fire any more, lest I die.’
(Deu 21:16)  then on the day when he assigns his possessions as an inheritance to his sons, he may not treat the son of the loved as the firstborn in preference to the son of the unloved, who is the firstborn,
(Deu 21:23)  his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. You shall not defile your land that the LORD your God is giving you for an inheritance.
(Deu 24:15)  You shall give him his wages on the same day, before the sun sets (for he is poor and counts on it), lest he cry against you to the LORD, and you be guilty of sin.
(Deu 27:2)  And on the day you cross over the Jordan to the land that the LORD your God is giving you, you shall set up large stones and plaster them with plaster.
(Deu 27:9)  Then Moses and the Levitical priests said to all Israel, “Keep silence and hear, O Israel: this day you have become the people of the LORD your God.
(Deu 27:11)  That day Moses charged the people, saying,
(Deu 28:32)  Your sons and your daughters shall be given to another people, while your eyes look on and fail with longing for them all day long, but you shall be helpless.
(Deu 28:66)  Your life shall hang in doubt before you. Night and day you shall be in dread and have no assurance of your life.
(Deu 31:22)  So Moses wrote this song the same day and taught it to the people of Israel.
(Deu 32:48)  That very day the LORD spoke to Moses,
Uses of Day That Could Mean a Long Period of Time
(Deu 4:32)  “For ask now of the days that are past, which were before you, since the day that God created man on the earth, and ask from one end of heaven to the other, whether such a great thing as this has ever happened or was ever heard of.
Of course, how you translate the word “day” here depends a lot on what you think of the creation account.  It could very easily refer to the sixth day of creation when God made Adam. 
(Deu 31:17)  Then my anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them and hide my face from them, and they will be devoured. And many evils and troubles will come upon them, so that they will say in that day, ‘Have not these evils come upon us because our God is not among us?’
(Deu 31:18)  And I will surely hide my face in that daybecause of all the evil that they have done, because they have turned to other gods.
This is referring to a future time when Israel rebels against the Lord and the Lord brings his wrath against them for their sins. (Deuteronomy 31:16-21) Therefore this could mean a period of time in the future when Israel is judged by God. But it could also mean a specific day when God pours out his wrath on Israel. Looking at II Kings 25 where this prophecy was fulfilled, one finds numerous specific days mentioned (II Kings 25:1, 3, 8, 27). Any of those days would literally fulfill this prophecy. It could mean a period of several years while Israel was judged, but does not have to. If it does mean many years, that “day” is limited to a few decades at most.
(Deu 32:35)  Vengeance is mine, and recompense, for the time when their foot shall slip; for the day of their calamity is at hand, and their doom comes swiftly.’
Of all the verses, this one is the most difficult to interpret. What “day” is Moses talking about? It is similar to the previous verses in that Moses is talking about judgment coming upon Israel for her sins. However, a plain reading of the text is that this is referring to some future time when God will judge -Israel. Like 31:17-18 it could refer to a period of time, but that time period would not be long. 
(Deu 33:12)  Of Benjamin he said, “The beloved of the LORD dwells in safety. The High God surrounds him all day long, and dwells between his shoulders.”
This use of the word “day” is governed by the “all” prior to it.  A paraphrase could be translated “surrounds him all the time.” The idea is one of protection for the tribe of Benjamin. So here “day” does mean a longer period of time, but the reason we know this is the words that surround “day,” the context.

So unlike the first four books of  Moses, Deuteronomy has a couple of more difficult passages, but in the end there is nothing in those passages that indicate “day” could mean a long period of time. 

The research shows the following:
Every time the word day is used in Deuteronomy with a number it means a 24 hour day.
When it is not used with the number it usually  points to a specific day in the past, present, or future. 
There are a couple of spots where Deuteronomy uses “day” to mean a time period longer than 24 hours. However, we know these mean longer periods of time by the context. In these instances “day” does not mean millions or even hundreds of years. It means at most a a few decades. 

Day in Numbers

This is the continuation of a study on the word “day” in the Pentateuch. For introductory remarks please refer to the initial post on Genesis.

I have divided these up into three categories: All the uses of day with a number, all the uses of day which in context mean a typical day, and any uses of day which could mean a long period of time.  

Uses of Day with the Number (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)

(Num 1:1)  The LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying,
(Num 1:18)  and on the first day of the second month, they assembled the whole congregation together, who registered themselves by clans, by fathers’ houses, according to the number of names from twenty years old and upward, head by head,
(Num 6:9)  “And if any man dies very suddenly beside him and he defiles his consecrated head, then he shall shave his head on the day of his cleansing; on the seventh day he shall shave it.
(Num 6:10)  On the eighth day he shall bring two turtledoves or two pigeons to the priest to the entrance of the tent of meeting,
(Num 7:12)  He who offered his offering the first daywas Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah.
(Num 7:18)  On the second day Nethanel the son of Zuar, the chief of Issachar, made an offering.
(Num 7:24)  On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, the chief of the people of Zebulun:
(Num 7:30)  On the fourth day Elizur the son of Shedeur, the chief of the people of Reuben:
(Num 7:36)  On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, the chief of the people of Simeon:
(Num 7:42)  On the sixth day Eliasaph the son of Deuel, the chief of the people of Gad:
(Num 7:48)  On the seventh day Elishama the son of Ammihud, the chief of the people of Ephraim:
(Num 7:54)  On the eighth day Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur, the chief of the people of Manasseh:
(Num 7:60)  On the ninth day Abidan the son of Gideoni, the chief of the people of Benjamin:
(Num 7:66)  On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai, the chief of the people of Dan:
(Num 7:72)  On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of Ochran, the chief of the people of Asher:
(Num 7:78)  On the twelfth day Ahira the son of Enan, the chief of the people of Naphtali:
(Num 9:3)  On the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, you shall keep it at its appointed time; according to all its statutes and all its rules you shall keep it.”
(Num 9:5)  And they kept the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the people of Israel did.
(Num 9:11)  In the second month on the fourteenth dayat twilight they shall keep it. They shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
(Num 10:11)  In the second year, in the second month, on the twentieth day of the month, the cloud lifted from over the tabernacle of the testimony,
(Num 11:19)  You shall not eat just one day, or two days, or five days, or ten days, or twenty days,
(Num 14:34)  According to the number of the days in which you spied out the land, forty days, a year for each day, you shall bear your iniquity forty years, and you shall know my displeasure.’
(Num 19:12)  He shall cleanse himself with the water on the third day and on the seventh day, and so be clean. But if he does not cleanse himself on the third day and on the seventh day, he will not become clean.
(Num 19:19)  And the clean person shall sprinkle it on the unclean on the third day and on the seventh day. Thus on the seventh dayhe shall cleanse him, and he shall wash his clothes and bathe himself in water, and at evening he shall be clean.
(Num 28:16)  “On the fourteenth day of the first month is the LORD’s Passover,
(Num 28:17)  and on the fifteenth day of this month is a feast. Seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.
(Num 28:18)  On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work,
(Num 28:25)  And on the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work.
(Num 29:1)  “On the first day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a day for you to blow the trumpets,
(Num 29:7)  “On the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation and afflict yourselves. You shall do no work,
(Num 29:12)  “On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, and you shall keep a feast to the LORD seven days.
(Num 29:17)  “On the second day twelve bulls from the herd, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,
(Num 29:20)  “On the third day eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,
(Num 29:23)  “On the fourth day ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,
(Num 29:26)  “On the fifth day nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,
(Num 29:29)  “On the sixth day eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,
(Num 29:32)  “On the seventh day seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,
(Num 29:35)  “On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly. You shall not do any ordinary work,
(Num 31:19)  Encamp outside the camp seven days. Whoever of you has killed any person and whoever has touched any slain, purify yourselves and your captives on the third day and on the seventh day.
(Num 31:24)  You must wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you shall be clean. And afterward you may come into the camp.”
(Num 33:3)  They set out from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month. On the day after the Passover, the people of Israel went out triumphantly in the sight of all the Egyptians,
(Num 33:38)  And Aaron the priest went up Mount Hor at the command of the LORD and died there, in the fortieth year after the people of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, on the first day of the fifth month.
Uses of Day Which Are Context, Typical 24 Hour Days
(Num 3:13)  for all the firstborn are mine. On the day that I struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I consecrated for my own all the firstborn in Israel, both of man and of beast. They shall be mine: I am the LORD.”
(Num 6:11)  and the priest shall offer one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering, and make atonement for him, because he sinned by reason of the dead body. And he shall consecrate his head that same day
(Num 7:1)  On the day when Moses had finished setting up the tabernacle and had anointed and consecrated it with all its furnishings and had anointed and consecrated the altar with all its utensils,
(Num 7:10)  And the chiefs offered offerings for the dedication of the altar on the day it was anointed; and the chiefs offered their offering before the altar.
(Num 7:11)  And the LORD said to Moses, “They shall offer their offerings, one chief each day, for the dedication of the altar.”
(Num 7:84)  This was the dedication offering for the altar on the day when it was anointed, from the chiefs of Israel: twelve silver plates, twelve silver basins, twelve golden dishes,
(Num 8:17)  For all the firstborn among the people of Israel are mine, both of man and of beast. On the day that I struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I consecrated them for myself,
(Num 9:6)  And there were certain men who were unclean through touching a dead body, so that they could not keep the Passover on that day,and they came before Moses and Aaron on that day.
(Num 9:15)  On the day that the tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the tabernacle, the tent of the testimony. And at evening it was over the tabernacle like the appearance of fire until morning.
(Num 9:16)  So it was always: the cloud covered it by dayand the appearance of fire by night.
(Num 9:21)  And sometimes the cloud remained from evening until morning. And when the cloud lifted in the morning, they set out, or if it continued for a day and a night, when the cloud lifted they set out.
(Num 10:10)  On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I am the LORD your God.”
(Num 10:34)  And the cloud of the LORD was over them by day,whenever they set out from the camp.
(Num 11:31)  Then a wind from the LORD sprang up, and it brought quail from the sea and let them fall beside the camp, about a day’s journeyon this side and a day’s journey on the other side, around the camp, and about two cubits above the ground.
(Num 11:32)  And the people rose all that day and all night and all the next day, and gathered the quail. Those who gathered least gathered ten homers. And they spread them out for themselves all around the camp.
(Num 14:14)  and they will tell the inhabitants of this land. They have heard that you, O LORD, are in the midst of this people. For you, O LORD, are seen face to face, and your cloud stands over them and you go before them, in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night.
(Num 15:32)  While the people of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks on the Sabbath day.
(Num 16:41)  But on the next day all the congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and against Aaron, saying, “You have killed the people of the LORD.”
(Num 17:8)  On the next day Moses went into the tent of the testimony, and behold, the staff of Aaron for the house of Levi had sprouted and put forth buds and produced blossoms, and it bore ripe almonds.
(Num 22:30)  And the donkey said to Balaam, “Am I not your donkey, on which you have ridden all your life long to this day? Is it my habit to treat you this way?” And he said, “No.”
(Num 25:18)  for they have harassed you with their wiles, with which they beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of the chief of Midian, their sister, who was killed on the day of the plague on account of Peor.”
(Num 28:3)  And you shall say to them, This is the food offering that you shall offer to the LORD: two male lambs a year old without blemish, day by day, as a regular offering.
(Num 28:9)  “On the Sabbath day, two male lambs a year old without blemish, and two tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, and its drink offering:
(Num 28:26)  “On the day of the firstfruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the LORD at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work,
(Num 30:5)  But if her father opposes her on the day that he hears of it, no vow of hers, no pledge by which she has bound herself shall stand. And the LORD will forgive her, because her father opposed her.
(Num 30:7)  and her husband hears of it and says nothing to her on the day that he hears, then her vows shall stand, and her pledges by which she has bound herself shall stand.
(Num 30:8)  But if, on the day that her husband comes to hear of it, he opposes her, then he makes void her vow that was on her, and the thoughtless utterance of her lips by which she bound herself. And the LORD will forgive her.
(Num 30:12)  But if her husband makes them null and void on the day that he hears them, then whatever proceeds out of her lips concerning her vows or concerning her pledge of herself shall not stand. Her husband has made them void, and the LORD will forgive her.
(Num 30:14)  But if her husband says nothing to her from day to day, then he establishes all her vows or all her pledges that are upon her. He has established them, because he said nothing to her on the day that he heard of them.

(Num 32:10)  And the LORD’s anger was kindled on that day,and he swore, saying,

Places in Numbers Where Day Can Mean a Long Period of Time

(Num 15:23)  all that the LORD has commanded you by Moses, from the day that the LORD gave commandment, and onward throughout your generations,

Here is the only possible example in Numbers of “day” meaning anything other than a typical, 24 hour day. However, upon close examination all it means is that all the commandments which the Lord has given you starting with Moses on Sinai until today. As usual, the word day is pointing back to a specific day when the Lord began giving his commandments to Moses.  Day is a starting point, but does not represent the entire time period.

The research shows the following:
Every time the word day is used in Numbers with a number it means a 24 hour day.
When it is not used with the number it still points to a specific day in the past, present, or future. 
Nowhere in Numbers is the word day ever used to mean a long period of time.

Day in Leviticus

This is the continuation of a study on the word “day” in the Pentateuch. For introductory remarks please refer to the initial post on Genesis.

I have divided these up into three categories: All the uses of day with a number, all the uses of day which in context mean a typical day, and any uses of day which could mean a long period of time.   

Uses of Day with the Number (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)
(Lev 7:17)  But what remains of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned up with fire.

(Lev 7:18)  If any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offering is eaten on the third day, he who offers it shall not be accepted, neither shall it be credited to him. It is tainted, and he who eats of it shall bear his iniquity.

(Lev 8:35)  At the entrance of the tent of meeting you shall remain day and night for seven days, performing what the LORD has charged, so that you do not die, for so I have been commanded.”

(Lev 9:1)  On the eighth day Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel,

(Lev 12:3)  And on the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.

(Lev 13:5)  And the priest shall examine him on the seventh day, and if in his eyes the disease is checked and the disease has not spread in the skin, then the priest shall shut him up for another seven days.

(Lev 13:6)  And the priest shall examine him again on the seventh day, and if the diseased area has faded and the disease has not spread in the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only an eruption. And he shall wash his clothes and be clean.

(Lev 13:27)  and the priest shall examine him the seventh day. If it is spreading in the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is a case of leprous disease.

(Lev 13:32)  and on the seventh day the priest shall examine the disease. If the itch has not spread, and there is in it no yellow hair, and the itch appears to be no deeper than the skin,

(Lev 13:34)  And on the seventh day the priest shall examine the itch, and if the itch has not spread in the skin and it appears to be no deeper than the skin, then the priest shall pronounce him clean. And he shall wash his clothes and be clean.

(Lev 13:51)  Then he shall examine the disease on the seventh day. If the disease has spread in the garment, in the warp or the woof, or in the skin, whatever be the use of the skin, the disease is a persistent leprous disease; it is unclean.

(Lev 14:9)  And on the seventh day he shall shave off all his hair from his head, his beard, and his eyebrows. He shall shave off all his hair, and then he shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and he shall be clean.

(Lev 14:10)  “And on the eighth day he shall take two male lambs without blemish, and one ewe lamb a year old without blemish, and a grain offering of three tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, and one log of oil.

(Lev 14:23)  And on the eighth day he shall bring them for his cleansing to the priest, to the entrance of the tent of meeting, before the LORD.

(Lev 14:39)  And the priest shall come again on the seventh day, and look. If the disease has spread in the walls of the house,

(Lev 15:14)  And on the eighth day he shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons and come before the LORD to the entrance of the tent of meeting and give them to the priest.

(Lev 15:29)  And on the eighth day she shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons and bring them to the priest, to the entrance of the tent of meeting.

(Lev 16:29)  “And it shall be a statute to you forever that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict yourselves and shall do no work, either the native or the stranger who sojourns among you.
(Lev 19:7)  If it is eaten at all on the third day, it is tainted; it will not be accepted,

(Lev 22:27)  “When an ox or sheep or goat is born, it shall remain seven days with its mother, and from the eighth day on it shall be acceptable as a food offering to the LORD.

(Lev 22:28)  But you shall not kill an ox or a sheep and her young in one day.

(Lev 23:3)  “Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is a Sabbath to the LORD in all your dwelling places.

(Lev 23:5)  In the first month, on the fourteenth dayof the month at twilight, is the LORD’s Passover.

(Lev 23:6)  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.

(Lev 23:7)  On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.

(Lev 23:8)  But you shall present a food offering to the LORD for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.”

(Lev 23:16)  You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the LORD.

(Lev 23:24)  “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a holy convocation.

(Lev 23:27)  “Now on the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be for you a time of holy convocation, and you shall afflict yourselves and present a food offering to the LORD.

(Lev 23:32)  It shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict yourselves. On the ninth day of the month beginning at evening, from evening to evening shall you keep your Sabbath.”

(Lev 23:34)  “Speak to the people of Israel, saying, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month and for seven days is the Feast of Booths to the LORD.

(Lev 23:35)  On the first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.

(Lev 23:36)  For seven days you shall present food offerings to the LORD. On the eighth dayyou shall hold a holy convocation and present a food offering to the LORD. It is a solemn assembly; you shall not do any ordinary work.

(Lev 23:39)  “On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the LORD seven days. On the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day shall be a solemn rest.

(Lev 23:40)  And you shall take on the first day the fruit of splendid trees, branches of palm trees and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.

(Lev 25:9)  Then you shall sound the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month. On the Day of Atonement you shall sound the trumpet throughout all your land.

Uses of Day Which Are in Context, Typical 24 Hour Days

(Lev 6:5)  or anything about which he has sworn falsely, he shall restore it in full and shall add a fifth to it, and give it to him to whom it belongs on the day he realizes his guilt.

(Lev 6:20)  “This is the offering that Aaron and his sons shall offer to the LORD on the day when he is anointed: a tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.

(Lev 7:15)  And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten on the day of his offering. He shall not leave any of it until the morning.

(Lev 7:16)  But if the sacrifice of his offering is a vow offering or a freewill offering, it shall be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice, and on the next day what remains of it shall be eaten.

(Lev 7:35)  This is the portion of Aaron and of his sons from the LORD’s food offerings, from the day they were presented to serve as priests of the LORD.

(Lev 7:36)  The LORD commanded this to be given them by the people of Israel, from the day that he anointed them. It is a perpetual due throughout their generations.”

(Lev 7:38)  which the LORD commanded Moses on Mount Sinai, on the day that he commanded the people of Israel to bring their offerings to the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai.

(Lev 14:2)  “This shall be the law of the leprous person for the day of his cleansing. He shall be brought to the priest,

(Lev 16:30)  For on this day shall atonement be made for you to cleanse you. You shall be clean before the LORD from all your sins.

(Lev 19:6)  It shall be eaten the same day you offer it or on the day after, and anything left over until the third day shall be burned up with fire.

(Lev 22:30)  It shall be eaten on the same day; you shall leave none of it until morning: I am the LORD.

(Lev 23:11)  and he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, so that you may be accepted. On the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.

(Lev 23:12)  And on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb a year old without blemish as a burnt offering to the LORD.

(Lev 23:14)  And you shall eat neither bread nor grain parched or fresh until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God: it is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

(Lev 23:15)  “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering.

(Lev 23:21)  And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.

(Lev 23:28)  And you shall not do any work on that very day, for it is a Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God.

(Lev 23:29)  For whoever is not afflicted on that very dayshall be cut off from his people.

(Lev 23:30)  And whoever does any work on that very day, that person I will destroy from among his people.

(Lev 23:37)  “These are the appointed feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim as times of holy convocation, for presenting to the LORD food offerings, burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each on its proper day,

(Lev 24:8)  Every Sabbath day Aaron shall arrange it before the LORD regularly; it is from the people of Israel as a covenant forever.

(Lev 27:23)  then the priest shall calculate the amount of the valuation for it up to the year of jubilee, and the man shall give the valuation on that day as a holy gift to the LORD.

Places Where Day Can Mean a Long Period of Time

There are no texts in Leviticus where “day” means anything other than a typical 24 hour day. 

The research shows the following:
Every time the word day is used in Leviticus with a number it means a 24 hour day.
When it is not used with the number it still points to a specific day in the past, present, or future. 
Nowhere in Leviticus is the word day ever used to mean a long period of time. 

Day in Exodus

This is the continuation of a study on the word “day” in the Pentateuch. For introductory remarks please refer to the initial post on Genesis.

I have divided these up into three categories: All the uses of day with a number, all the uses of day which in context mean a typical day, and any uses of day which could mean a long period of time.  

Uses of Day with the Number (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)


(Exo 2:11)  One day, when Moses had grown up, he went out to his people and looked on their burdens, and he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, one of his people.

(Exo 12:3)  Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household.

(Exo 12:6)  and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.

(Exo 12:15)  Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day,that person shall be cut off from Israel.

(Exo 12:16)  On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you.

(Exo 12:18)  In the first month, from the fourteenth dayof the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.

(Exo 13:6)  Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the LORD.

(Exo 16:1)  They set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the people of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had departed from the land of Egypt.

(Exo 16:5)  On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.”

(Exo 16:22)  On the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers each. And when all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses,

(Exo 16:23)  he said to them, “This is what the LORD has commanded: ‘Tomorrow is a day of solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD; bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over lay aside to be kept till the morning.'” ( I included this here even though it does not have the ordinal because it goes with the text.)

(Exo 16:26)  Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is a Sabbath, there will be none.”

(Exo 16:27)  On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather, but they found none.

(Exo 16:29)  See! The LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. Remain each of you in his place; let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.”

(Exo 16:30)  So the people rested on the seventh day.

(Exo 19:11)  and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the LORD will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.

(Exo 19:15)  And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

(Exo 19:16)  On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.
(Exo 20:10)  but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates.

(Exo 20:11)  For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

(Exo 22:30)  You shall do the same with your oxen and with your sheep: seven days it shall be with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to me.

(Exo 23:12)  “Six days you shall do your work, but on the seventh day you shall rest; that your ox and your donkey may have rest, and the son of your servant woman, and the alien, may be refreshed.

(Exo 24:16)  The glory of the LORD dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud.

(Exo 31:15)  Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day shall be put to death.

(Exo 31:17)  It is a sign forever between me and the people of Israel that in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'”

(Exo 34:21)  “Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest. In plowing time and in harvest you shall rest.

(Exo 35:2)  Six days work shall be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a Sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on it shall be put to death.

(Exo 40:2)  “On the first day of the first month you shall erect the tabernacle of the tent of meeting.

(Exo 40:17)  In the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, the tabernacle was erected.

Uses of Day Which Are in Context, Typical 24 Hour Days
(Exo 2:13)  When he went out the next day, behold, two Hebrews were struggling together. And he said to the man in the wrong, “Why do you strike your companion?”

(Exo 5:6)  The same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people and their foremen,

(Exo 5:13)  The taskmasters were urgent, saying, “Complete your work, your daily task each day, as when there was straw.”

(Exo 5:19)  The foremen of the people of Israel saw that they were in trouble when they said, “You shall by no means reduce your number of bricks, your daily task each day.”

(Exo 6:28)  On the day when the LORD spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt,

(Exo 8:22)  But on that day I will set apart the land of Goshen, where my people dwell, so that no swarms of flies shall be there, that you may know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth.

(Exo 9:6)  And the next day the LORD did this thing. All the livestock of the Egyptians died, but not one of the livestock of the people of Israel died.

(Exo 9:18)  Behold, about this time tomorrow I will cause very heavy hail to fall, such as never has been in Egypt from the day it was founded until now.


(Exo 10:6)  and they shall fill your houses and the houses of all your servants and of all the Egyptians, as neither your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen, from the day they came on earth to this day.‘” Then he turned and went out from Pharaoh.

(Exo 10:13)  So Moses stretched out his staff over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind upon the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind had brought the locusts.
(Exo 10:28)  Then Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from me; take care never to see my face again, for on the day you see my face you shall die.”

(Exo 12:14)  “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations, as a statute forever, you shall keep it as a feast.

(Exo 12:17)  And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day, throughout your generations, as a statute forever.

(Exo 12:41)  At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

(Exo 12:51)  And on that very day the LORD brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

(Exo 13:3)  Then Moses said to the people, “Remember this day in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, for by a strong hand the LORD brought you out from this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten.

(Exo 13:8)  You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.’

(Exo 13:21)  And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night.

(Exo 13:22)  The pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night did not depart from before the people.
(Exo 14:30)  Thus the LORD saved Israel that day from the hand of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.

(Exo 16:4)  Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, I am about to rain bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law or not.

(Exo 18:13)  The next day Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood around Moses from morning till evening.

(Exo 19:1)  On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

(Exo 21:21)  But if the slave survives a day or two, he is not to be avenged, for the slave is his money.

(Exo 29:36)  and every day you shall offer a bull as a sin offering for atonement. Also you shall purify the altar, when you make atonement for it, and shall anoint it to consecrate it.

(Exo 29:38)  “Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two lambs a year old day by day regularly.

(Exo 32:6)  And they rose up early the next day and offered burnt offerings and brought peace offerings. And the people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play.

(Exo 32:28)  And the sons of Levi did according to the word of Moses. And that day about three thousand men of the people fell.

(Exo 32:29)  And Moses said, “Today you have been ordained for the service of the LORD, each one at the cost of his son and of his brother, so that he might bestow a blessing upon you this day.”

(Exo 32:30)  The next day Moses said to the people, “You have sinned a great sin. And now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.”

(Exo 34:11)  “Observe what I command you this day. Behold, I will drive out before you the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

(Exo 40:37)  But if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not set out till the day that it was taken up.

(Exo 40:38)  For the cloud of the LORD was on the tabernacle by day, and fire was in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel throughout all their journeys.

Places Where Day Could Mean a Long Period of Time
(Exo 32:34)  But now go, lead the people to the place about which I have spoken to you; behold, my angel shall go before you. Nevertheless, in the day when I visit, I will visit their sin upon them.”

So that leaves us with 32:34. Exactly what this passage is referring to is debatable. But it seems to be referring to a future point in time when the Lord will come and judge Israel. This point in time may last a few years, but does not have to. Most commentaries focused on the “blotting out from the book of life” in 32:33 and did not address the use of the word day.   The Lord is pointing to a specific point in the future when he will judge Israel.   It does not appear to mean a long period of time. 

The research shows the following:
Every time in Exodus when the word day is used with a number it means a 24 hour day.
When it is not used with the number it still points to a specific day in the past, present, or future. 
There is one possible place in Exodus where “day” could mean a long period of time though it probably means a specific point of time in the future. 

So just like in Genesis 3-50 we have no clear verses where day can mean a long period of time.

Additional note on the phrase “Sabbath Day.”

(Exo 20:8)  “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.

(Exo 35:3)  You shall kindle no fire in all your dwelling places on the Sabbath day.”

In Exodus, the seventh day of a seven 24 hour day week, Saturday is the Sabbath. There is no other possible interpretation of the phrase “Sabbath Day” in Exodus. (See Exodus 16:13-31, 20:8-11, 23:12, 24:16, 31:15, 34:21) It may mean something else somewhere else, but in Exodus Sabbath means Saturday. 

Day in Genesis

Recently, Kevin DeYoung said that the most important thing for Christians in debate is to actually open up the Bible and work through the text. Don’t settle for vague impressions or general ideas. What does the Bible actually say? I put this idea to work by looking at the use of the word “day” in the Pentateuch (Genesis-Deuteronomy). 

The impression is often given by Old Earth Creationists that the Hebrew word for “day” (yom) is a flexible word that has a broad range of meaning. This idea has been used over and over again by men to create enough elasticity in Genesis 1 so that one can put billions of years in the creation account. But is it true that this word is as flexible as OEC would like it to be? I decided to open up the text and see for myself. . I went through and looked at all the uses of the word day in Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy to determine if what the OEC men claim to be true is actually true. This was tedious and it makes for tedious reading. But the point I want to make is that when one reads the word “day” in the Bible it almost always means a typical 24 hour day. 

This study is based on the ESV translation. I do not have the ability to search in Hebrew, but I can read Hebrew and I have several Hebrew word study helps as well as a Hebrew Old Testament. I checked the words to see if they were really “yom.” They almost always were. Occasionally you will find the word “day” supplied where it is not in the Hebrew (i.e. Leviticus 23:5, 27). It is clear in those places that “day” is implied though not specifically written. Also sometimes instead of the word being “yom” it is the word “yomam,” which means “daily/daytime” (i.e. Numbers 14:14). Often the ESV translates “yomam” as “day.” The words are clearly connected. I have not purposely included the plural use of “yom” though if it showed up in my search I kept it.


I have divided these up into three categories: All the uses of day with a number, all the uses of day which in context mean a typical 24 hour day, and any uses of day which could mean a long period of time. 

All uses of Day with a Number (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.)
(Gen 7:11)  In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened.
(Gen 8:4)  and in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat.
(Gen 8:5)  And the waters continued to abate until the tenth month; in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains were seen.
(Gen 8:13)  In the six hundred and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried from off the earth. And Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and behold, the face of the ground was dry.
(Gen 8:14)  In the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth had dried out.
(Gen 22:4)  On the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place from afar.
(Gen 27:45)  until your brother’s anger turns away from you, and he forgets what you have done to him. Then I will send and bring you from there. Why should I be bereft of you both in one day?
(Gen 31:22)  When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled,
(Gen 33:13)  But Jacob said to him, “My lord knows that the children are frail, and that the nursing flocks and herds are a care to me. If they are driven hard for one day, all the flocks will die.
(Gen 34:25)  On the third day, when they were sore, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, took their swords and came against the city while it felt secure and killed all the males.
(Gen 39:11)  But one day, when he went into the house to do his work and none of the men of the house was there in the house,
 (Gen 40:20)  On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants and lifted up the head of the chief cupbearer and the head of the chief baker among his servants.
(Gen 42:18)  On the third day Joseph said to them, “Do this and you will live, for I fear God:
Uses of Day Which Are in Context, Typical 24 Hour Days

(Gen 3:8)  And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.
(Gen 7:13)  On the very same day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them entered the ark,
(Gen 8:22)  While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night, shall not cease.”
(Gen 15:18)  On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, “To your offspring I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates,
(Gen 17:23)  Then Abraham took Ishmael his son and all those born in his house or bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house, and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskins that very day, as God had said to him.
(Gen 17:26)  That very day Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised.
(Gen 18:1)  And the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day.
(Gen 19:34)  The next day, the firstborn said to the younger, “Behold, I lay last night with my father. Let us make him drink wine tonight also. Then you go in and lie with him, that we may preserve offspring from our father.”
(Gen 19:37)  The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab. He is the father of the Moabites to this day.
(Gen 19:38)  The younger also bore a son and called his name Ben-ammi. He is the father of the Ammonites to this day.
 (Gen 21:8)  And the child grew and was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.
(Gen 22:14)  So Abraham called the name of that place, “The LORD will provide”; as it is said to this day, “On the mount of the LORD it shall be provided.”
(Gen 26:32)  That same day Isaac’s servants came and told him about the well that they had dug and said to him, “We have found water.”
(Gen 26:33)  He called it Shibah; therefore the name of the city is Beersheba to this day.
(Gen 27:2)  He said, “Behold, I am old; I do not know the day of my death.
 (Gen 29:7)  He said, “Behold, it is still high day; it is not time for the livestock to be gathered together. Water the sheep and go, pasture them.”
(Gen 30:35)  But that day Laban removed the male goats that were striped and spotted, and all the female goats that were speckled and spotted, every one that had white on it, and every lamb that was black, and put them in the charge of his sons.
(Gen 31:39)  What was torn by wild beasts I did not bring to you. I bore the loss of it myself. From my hand you required it, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.
(Gen 31:40)  There I was: by day the heat consumed me, and the cold by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.
(Gen 31:43)  Then Laban answered and said to Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters, the children are my children, the flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day for these my daughters or for their children whom they have borne?
(Gen 32:24)  And Jacob was left alone. And a man wrestled with him until the breaking of the day.
(Gen 32:26)  Then he said, “Let me go, for the day has broken.” But Jacob said, “I will not let you go unless you bless me.”
(Gen 32:32)  Therefore to this day the people of Israel do not eat the sinew of the thigh that is on the hip socket, because he touched the socket of Jacob’s hip on the sinew of the thigh.
  
(Gen 33:16)  So Esau returned that day on his way to Seir.
(Gen 35:3)  Then let us arise and go up to Bethel, so that I may make there an altar to the God who answers me in the day of my distress and has been with me wherever I have gone.”
(Gen 35:20)  and Jacob set up a pillar over her tomb. It is the pillar of Rachel’s tomb, which is there to this day.
(Gen 39:10)  And as she spoke to Joseph day after day, he would not listen to her, to lie beside her or to be with her.
(Gen 42:13)  And they said, “We, your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan, and behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is no more.”
 (Gen 42:32)  We are twelve brothers, sons of our father. One is no more, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.’
(Gen 47:23)  Then Joseph said to the people, “Behold, I have this day bought you and your land for Pharaoh. Now here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land.
(Gen 47:26)  So Joseph made it a statute concerning the land of Egypt, and it stands to this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth; the land of the priests alone did not become Pharaoh’s.
 (Gen 48:15)  And he blessed Joseph and said, “The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, the God who has been my shepherd all my life long to this day,
(Gen 48:20)  So he blessed them that day, saying, “By you Israel will pronounce blessings, saying, ‘God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh.'” Thus he put Ephraim before Manasseh.

Places Where Day Can Mean a Long Period of Time
There are no texts in Genesis 3-50 where day can mean a long period of time.

The research shows the following:
Every time in Genesis 3-50 the word day is used with a number it means a 24 hour day.
When it is not used with the number it still points to a specific day in the past, present, or future. 
Nowhere in Genesis 3-50 is the word day ever used to mean a long period of time. 

In the future I will look more closely at the word day in Genesis 1-2.